What Is A Bump Ball In Cricket or Rules & Laws Regarding Bump Ball

A bump ball in cricket is when the batsman strikes the ball directly along the ground,, resulting in the fielder catching the ball.

A ball hitting the ground quickly is considered a deception, causing the spectators to believe that the ball has hit the fielder directly without touching the floor.

It is a big challenge to identify the bump ball for the spectators, players, and umpires because the contact of the ball with the floor is very short.

But here it is to be noted that if the ball is caught without bouncing, the batsman gets out. When the ball touches the ground before it is caught, the batsman is not out.

Usually, it is relayed to the umpire’s decision whether the batsman is out or not, whether is it a bump ball or not. Identifying the bump ball is a challenge for the bowling team and is done by replaying the video.

Finally, the third umpire solves the problem by playing the video in slow motion.

When Does Bump Ball Happen?

We can confirm the bump ball in cricket as when the bowler drives the ball into the batsman’s foot very fast like a yorker then it is frequently a bump ball.

If we understand the ‘Yorker’ concept, it is a delivery that requires the batsman to lower his bat to avoid the ball hitting the stumps, as the ball often makes rapid contact with the ground causing a pop up and is caught by the fielder.

Therefore, it is often requested that a bowler within the team should be qualified for the bump ball.

Cricket fans and viewers will have observed that there is often a sensation within the game when the bowler delivers the ball through his skill and this ball is then considered a bump ball which brings a twist in the match.

What Is A Bump Catch?

A bump catch is defined in cricket as a catch taken by the bowler when the ball makes contact with the ground.

However, to us, this ball usually feels deceiving that it may not have bounced. The term

Bump catch is commonly used to differentiate it from other catches when the ball is caught without touching the ground.

It is very interesting here that if the fielder inside the case of a bump catch is skilled and manages to catch the ball before it bounces, then the batsman is considered out.

On the other hand, if the ball has bounced before the catch is taken, then the batsman is not considered out.

Rules & Laws Regarding Bump Ball

Bump Ball In Term Of Cricket Laws

According to the Laws of Cricket, a fielder is generally considered to have caught the ball cleanly after being struck directly by the batsman directly touching the ground. 

However, if there is any doubt as to whether the bump ball has occurred, the full benefit of the doubt goes to the batsman.

Role Of Umpire For Bump Ball

The umpire plays a key role in determining whether a bump ball is a hit, it mostly depends on the umpire’s expertise and judgment, but in recent years technology has greatly aided in this decision.

Role Of Technology For Bump Ball

Now in the modern era technology is used to decide for the ball with various tools like Snickometer and UltraEdge which have both audio and video evidence and provide complete ball prediction services.

Techniques To Detect A Bump Ball

To detect a bump ball, it is necessary to keep full attention and eyes on it. A number of techniques can be used to accurately judge his bump ball, some of which are listed below:

Visual Cues

In this technique, the umpire keeps a close eye on the trajectory of the ball, the angle at which it is caught, and the fielder’s body position. 

Visual cues such as how the ball is deflected toward the ground and what the fielder’s fingers under the ball provide are all indications for a bump ball.


The sound produced when the ball makes contact with the ground is a highly reliable clue as umpires and fielders use various distinctive thoughts and clicks to judge whether the ball is a bump ball or not.

Reaction of Fielders

Sometimes the fielder’s immediate reaction also helps us to predict a bump ball if the fielder claims to have caught the catch with a concussion or has a look of surprise on his face that clearly shows that it is a bump ball or a clean catch.

However, hesitation also indicates it is a bump ball.

Use Of Snickometer and Ulatraedge

Technologies such as the Snickometer and UltraEdge are used to ensure the full accuracy of the bump ball. Audio frequencies are observed with the help of a Snickometer if the ball makes contact with the ground 

On the other hand, the Ultra Edge is used for ball tracking and sound analysis to detect any deviations in the bounce. 

Famous Bump Ball Incidents

Over time, cricket has witnessed various controversies within its profile that have been present on various commentary during matches. Here are three notable incidents. 

Gooch’s Controversial Dismissal (1991)

Graham Gooch’s dismissal against the West Indies caused a stir in 1991. In 1991 there was an incident caused by a bump ball that affected the match.

A good defensive shot was made by Gooch which saw the ball pop up and then the umpire called it a bump-up ball instead of protesting, making the decision contentious.

Tendulkar’s Disputed Catch (1999)

Sachin Tendulkar claimed a catch in a crucial match of 199 which the batsman immediately refused and the matter became complicated, leaving the decision to the umpire.

Pietersen’s Unclear Catch (2005)

In 2005, Bump Ball caused a controversy in the Ashes series when Kevin Pietersen was involved in a catch claim. Even then, there was a long list of complaints, but the decision was on the fielding side. All this shows how much judgment depends on the umpire’s decision, and the belief becomes authentic.

Impact Of Bump Ball on Cricket

Yes, it is clear that the decision of Bump Ball has a huge and important impact on the outcomes of the match.

 A favorable and unfavorable decision can change the entire match and its results depend on that decision.  It can also cause the momentum to swing. 

The conclusion is that to maintain the integrity of the game, it is necessary to have very accurate decision-making and judgment so that the bowling and batting teams do not lose their momentum and play with the same passion.

Bump Ball vs Hit Wicket

Both hit wicket and bump ball are two different things. Let’s take a quick look at them to determine their differences!

  • The bump ball hits before being caught along the ground as the batsman dislodges the bails while attempting a shot.
  • As the result of a bump ball the batsman may or may not be out, whereas in a hit wicket the batsman is considered to be out.
  • In a bomb ball, the role of the fielder is to catch the ball cleanly when it bounces whereas in a hit wicket the fielder has no role.
  • In the bump ball, the umpire’s job is to determine whether the catch has been taken cleanly or not, while in the hit wicket, his job is to confirm if the bails have been completely dislodged before the shot.
  • No runs are awarded in a bump ball while scoring in a hit wicket is dismissed.

Decision Making Regarding Bump Ball

As technology advances and advances further, cricket authorities are looking at various innovative ways to improve decisions for bump balls by implementing more new tools such as artificial intelligence balls.

However, a tracking system can further improve this decision. 


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